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Flu, COVID, and RSV Vaccines: Appropriate Candidates and Potential for Combined Administration

Ah, fall. The season of pumpkin spice all the things. Cooler (we hope) temperatures. Leaves falling (well, possibly not in Florida unless we get one other storm). And vaccines.

Besides the annual flu shot, there are two other vaccines experts are encouraging people to get this fall: the newest COVID-19 booster and a brand new vaccine for RSV (respiratory syncytial virus), based on WebMD.

Very first thing first: Are you able to get all 3 vaccines at the identical time?

No person is kind of sure in regards to the answer to this one. “Since there are not any data on giving this trio of vaccines at the identical time, most experts advise a special strategy,” based on MedPageToday. Best advice could also be to take flu and COVID together, which the CDC endorses and there is evidence people can take this mixture just tremendous. “If there’s one (shot) that doctors might need to treat individually, it could be this newbie (RSV), because there simply hasn’t been that much experience with it,” said William Schaffner, MD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee, who can also be a spokesperson for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. If someone has had significant uncomfortable side effects from vaccines prior to now, “it probably is smart to spread them out,” Dr. Aaron Glatt, chief of infectious diseases and hospital epidemiologist at Mount Sinai South Nassau, told WebMD. In accordance with the Latest York Times, the CDC is anticipated to make recommendations on administration of the three vaccines together.

What to learn about fall vaccines:
– Timing and value of latest vaccines vary by virus and medical health insurance status

Flu
– Description: Influenza is a contagious illness attributable to influenza viruses. Influenza is a highly contagious viral infection that affects mainly the nose, throat, chest, and lungs. It may cause mild to severe illness, and at times can result in death.
– The flu season typically runs from October to May, based on the Florida Department of Health.
– Currently, the predominant strain in Florida is Influenza A H1N1
– Is the vaccine available now? Flu vaccines can be found now for the 2023-2024 season.
– Who should get the vaccine? The CDC’s advisers recommend everyone 6 months and older receive a flu shot, ideally in September or October.
– Cost: Medicare Part B covers the flu shot every year. Flu shots are a part of the preventive care required under the Inexpensive Care Act and are free with most insurance policy. The Inexpensive Care Act says patients don’t should pay for certain preventive care, including some vaccines. Meaning flu shots are offered for gratis to individuals with insurance, including those on Medicare and Medicaid. Those without insurance may have the option to land a free or low-cost shot from some health centers and state health departments. The associated fee of the flu vaccine will depend on the variety of shot and the pharmacy or medical outlet providing it but can range from $20 to greater than $70.

COVID-19
– Description: COVID-19 is a respiratory disease that’s attributable to a coronavirus generally known as SARS-CoV-2, which was first identified in 2019. The virus is primarily transmitted from individual to individual through droplets made when infected people cough, sneeze, or talk.
– For the 2-week period ending Sept. 2, the Omicron variant generally known as EG.5, or Eris, accounted for 21.5% of U.S. COVID cases, the CDC reported, probably the most of any variant. In accordance with the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the updated vaccines are expected to guard against this variant.
– Is the vaccine available now? Not quite yet. In June, the FDA’s Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee really helpful COVID-19 vaccines to be used within the U.S. starting this fall be updated to a monovalent vaccine targeting the Omicron variant XBB.1.5. The FDA approved the updated vaccine Sept. 11. Next, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s independent panel of advisors will meet Sept. 12 to offer a suggestion on who shall be eligible for the shots. Once signed off by the CDC director, vaccines shall be available soon after. Updated COVID vaccines are expected by mid-September, CDC Director Mandy Cohen, MD, MPH, said in a video statement in late August. Pfizer, Moderna, and Novavax are expected to supply the updated vaccines.
– Who should get the booster? The updated booster shot is formulated to focus on XBB.1.5, an omicron subvariant. The FDA really helpful:
– Individuals 5 years of age and older no matter previous vaccination are eligible to receive a single dose of an updated mRNA COVID-19 vaccine at the very least 2 months because the last dose of any COVID-19 vaccine.
– Individuals 6 months through 4 years of age who’ve previously been vaccinated against COVID-19 are eligible to receive one or two doses of an updated mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.
– Unvaccinated individuals 6 months through 4 years of age are eligible to receive three doses of the updated authorized Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine or two doses of the updated authorized Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.
– Cost: Because the U.S. government sunsets its COVID-19 vaccine program, COVID vaccines are heading to the business market. Insured people will likely be covered and most will still have the option to get free vaccines. Medical insurance firms follow the recommendations from the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in the case of vaccines, said James Swann, a spokesperson for America’s Health Insurance Plans. For people without insurance, there’s the Bridge Access Program, which can make free vaccines available this fall through community health centers and state health departments.
– Mask mandates? COVID spike has GOP fighting over mask mandates and bans. The White House wants no a part of it.

RSV
– Description: Respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV, is a typical respiratory virus that sometimes causes mild, cold-like symptoms. Most individuals recuperate in every week or two, but RSV may be serious. Infants and older adults usually tend to develop severe RSV and wish hospitalization, based on the CDC. This potentially lethal respiratory infection results in the hospitalization of 60,000 to 160,000 adults ages 65 and up every year and 6,000 to 10,000 deaths in that age group. The season for RSV infections often begins in the autumn and lasts into the spring, potentially peaking in January and February.
– Is the vaccine available now? Yes, for older adults and infants and toddlers. In June, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed the Food and Drug Administration’s approval of two vaccines for older people. This summer, the FDA also approved two options for infants and toddlers. The FDA also approved a vaccine for pregnant women that gives them with antibodies they may pass along to the fetus and protect their newborn babies from birth to six months of age from severe RSV. That vaccine still have to be really helpful by the CDC, and it’s unclear when it’ll change into available.
– Who should get the vaccine? The CDC said adults over age 60 may get the vaccine after discussing it with their healthcare provider. The CDC signed off on a monoclonal antibody called nirsevimab (brand name Beyfortus) for all infants as much as 8 months old, born during — or entering — their first RSV season, and for a small group who’re between 8 and 19 months old and at high risk for severe disease (including children who’re severely immunocompromised).
– RSV shot for babies: CDC panel recommends latest RSV shot for babies and certain toddlers. The CDC has not yet made recommendations on the maternal RSV vaccine. For those who’re not over 60 or very young, Yale Medicine said you almost certainly don’t need the RSV vaccine. At all times check along with your healthcare provider.
– Cost: The brand new RSV vaccines may cost between $180 and $295 a shot. Because they’re really helpful by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, they’re covered for individuals with private insurance and not using a copay. Medicare beneficiaries should note that the RSV vaccine is roofed under Part D of this system, so those that haven’t signed up for the drug profit could have to pay out-of-pocket. To be eligible to receive VFA vaccine, one have to be an uninsured adult aged 19 years and older or an underinsured adult aged 19 years and older (i.e., medical health insurance doesn’t cover the price of the vaccine to be administered). These vaccines are distributed to healthcare facilities equivalent to county health departments and Federally Qualified Health Centers, based on the Florida Department of Health. The Florida VFC Program provides vaccines to children 0 through 18 years of age who meet program eligibility for gratis to the parent/guardian. To qualify, children from birth through 18 years of age must meet certainly one of the next criteria: Are enrolled in Medicaid (including Medipass and Medicaid HMOs), don’t have any medical health insurance, have medical health insurance that doesn’t cover immunizations, or are American Indian or Alaskan Native.

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